Here’s the info you’ll need to complete a job application

Info for job application

Here are some of the most common pieces of information employers will ask for on job applications – and why.

Filling out job applications can be tedious business and often requires sharing a lot of information about yourself. While it's obvious why employers ask for basic information such as your age and contact information, some of their requests may seem a little out of left field.

Here are some of the most common pieces of information employers will ask for on job applications – and why.

Work experience

Be prepared to include information about your personal work history. Since relevant work history is something nearly everyone includes in their resume, it may be tempting to skip this section, but don't. In some cases, the job application functions as a stand-alone document used by HR even after you've been hired. Therefore, neglecting to fill out the application as fully as possible may cost you your shot at the job.

"This information is useful to employers as it helps them quickly evaluate your candidacy," says Ray Rogers, director of Career & Professional Development at St. Edward's University. "The information you provide assists the recruiter in understanding previous work functions performed, projecting the length of time you may stay with that employer, reviewing career progression and estimating present salary expectations."

Keep in mind, "experience" isn't necessarily limited to professional work.

"Job applications should always reveal key elements expressing the applicant's experience, which includes more than basic work history and education," says Michael Iacona, founder and CEO of Rake, a mobile job search app. "Relevant volunteer work, applicable certifications and affiliations with reputable organizations in the industry are often overlooked pieces of information that can make an applicant stand out."

Education

Similarly, it may seem pointless to include your education information on the job application when that information is already covered in your resume. Still, if the employer is specifically asking for it, it's probably important to be absolutely sure they get that information.

"While it is fairly obvious why this information would be asked, be aware you may be asked to verify the educational credentials listed on an application or resume before you receive a firm offer," Rogers says. "Employers have found that it is not uncommon for some applicants to provide misleading or false information concerning their education. Always be as honest as possible when providing information about your educational background."

Proof of eligibility

With so much focus on whether you're qualified for the position, it can be easy to forget that employers need to confirm that you're legally eligible for it. Similarly, many employers will ask for your social security number so that they can run criminal and background checks.

"The most common information that is required on a job application is contact info., your eligibility to work in the United States and felony conviction status. Employers need to know if you're eligible to work in the United States because if you are not, they don't want to waste your time or theirs," says Brittany King, founder of Career Credo, an organization geared toward helping 20- and 30-somethings find meaningful work. "Many employers have policies regarding felony conviction status, and they need to obtain this information on a job application in order to see if you are eligible to work for them."

However, when it comes to criminal history, it's important to know what an employer can and cannot ask. Employers may inquire about past convictions, but not about arrests that did not result in convictions.

Expression of interest

Questions like "Why do you want to work with us?" might seem like they are more appropriate for the in-person interview than the initial job application, but employers differ in how they screen applicants.

"Once you know that a candidate can do the job, the next big thing to check for is if they are a fit culturally," says Abhishek Lal, co-founder and CEO of VedSutra, an online media company. "You need to understand if the candidate is emotionally motivated and suited to be a part of your company. A person with a highly academic attitude might not fit well in a company that has a more laid-back environment and vice-versa."

References

Many employers will also ask for a list of references to be included in the job application. Typically this should include former supervisors, co-workers and, in some cases, clients. And, yes, you should ask someone before listing them as a reference.

"You may also be asked if they may contact your previous employers for a work reference," Rogers says. "How you answer this question can suggest to the employer whether you left a previous position in good standing and whether your current employer is aware you are job searching."

Gathering these essential pieces of information before you start applying to jobs is a great way to save yourself time and hassle in the long run. How much information a job application requires differs from employer to employer, but as anyone who's experienced an extended job search will tell you, it never hurts to be prepared.

Now that you're prepared for the job application, check out these tips on writing an effective cover letter.